The Metamorphosis

The Metamorphosis
by Franz Kafka
Edition:  LibriVox audiobook (public domain).  This was read by David Barnes, who also recorded Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.  His reading style is easy to listen to (not too slow or too fast or anything), and I highly recommend it. 
My overall rating:  5 out of 5 stars.  This would probably be on my list of must-read's.

"One morning, as Gregor Samsa was waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered that in bed he had been changed into a monstrous verminous bug."

When I first considered reading The Metamorphosis, I had mixed feelings about it.  I had heard it was a classic, and I knew the basic plot.  But was it just going to be another one of those dark, melancholy, speculative books with little or no definite meaning?  It's a short book (the LibriVox recording is only about 2 1/2 hours long).  I decided to give it a try and listen to it in the car, on my way to and from school.

The opening sentence above is, I think, far more interesting than a plot summary would be.  Also interesting is the fact that the title of the book is not what you think it is.  In other words, we're never told how Gregor became an insect, nor is his "insect self" the focus of the story.  The real "metamorphosis" in the story isn't about him at all.

Gregor never changes, but the story brings out his character, in lieu of character development.  From start to finish, he comes across as being a very ordinary young man, except for one fact; and that is his extremely selfless, forgiving love for his parents and sister.  Before and after becoming an insect, Gregor puts his family first.  At times he actually forgets his own problems; and instead he dreams of recovery and returning to work to support them, as he had dutifully done before.  He does not constantly pity himself.  In fact, he feels guilty, as if all their problems were a result of his own actions.

I think it is amazing (if not genius) how Kafka was able to take an idea which sounds silly and yet write a very serious and poignant story around it.  Really, though, the focus of the story is not the most unusual aspect (Gregor turning into an insect); but rather, the book is about how people treat Gregor, and each other.  If I were to describe the plot in detail, it would be giving too much away; what I will say, however, is that what this book portrays is very true, disturbingly so. The Samsa family represents a callous, self-centered attitude, something which is selfish even when it is seems to be doing good.  Gregor, innocent though he is, has to pay for it.

The thing to remember is that this isn't just fantasy.  These kinds of things, in essence, really can happen.  It is a depressing story, as I had expected it would be; but its message is so true that I think it's definitely worth reading.  Especially in a world where, unfortunately, people often take a very careless view of human life.


by Kenneth Oppel
My overall rating:  4 out of 5 stars

The story:  Fifteen-year-old Matt Cruse works as a cabin boy on a ship--but not just any ship.  Sailing through skies instead of oceans, the elegant, passenger airship Aurora is kept afloat with hydrium gas, and is operated by a crew and captain, all dedicated to their jobs.  Resourceful and clever, Matt is looking forward to promotion and a successful career...until a newcomer and an airship of pirates threaten to make that impossible.  He also meets the beautiful Kate de Vries, who is determined to find out what were those mysterious flying creatures that her grandfather saw from a hot air balloon.

My thoughts:  I first heard about this book on; it sounded good, and it was compared to Robert Louis Stevenson and Jules Verne's books, so I thought I'd read it.       

Oppel has an excellent writing style for YA books.  The book seems to be a combination of the Victorian/Edwardian era and the 21st-century; overall, the writing style is quite readable, but not dumbed-down or too 21st century.  Based on the story itself, it's not clear in what era, exactly, this book takes place; but I really liked the historical setting, as well as reading about life on the Aurora (reminiscent of Royal Navy fiction).

Secondly, I think it's great that there are still authors like Oppel who write these kind of adventure stories.  Compared with its contemporaries, Airborn is probably one of the best books for teens; it kind of reminds me of the Horatio Hornblower series.  It's not perfect (more on that later), but we could certainly use more books in the classic adventure/sci-fi vein.

The characters were pretty good.  Matt Cruse, the narrator, is in some ways an average guy, and in other ways quite extraordinary.  He stays on the Aurora, even just as a cabin boy, because it was the same ship his father worked on, up until his death; and Matt feels closer to his father on the airship than anywhere else.  He hates being on land; it makes him feel claustrophobic, and he loses that sense of escapism that he has when he's flying.  His love for his airship and his fear of land is something that he often struggles with, and it makes him an interesting character.

The Aurora's captain, Captain Walken, is a lot like Captain Pellew from the Hornblower series--he's concentrated on doing his duty and doing the right thing.  Most of the crew members didn't get much "screen time", but a few of them were memorable, such as the cook, Chef Vlad.  I didn't particularly like Kate.  I guess she was supposed to be a strong heroine, but she seemed cliche to me--pretty, intelligent, disrespectful, rebellious, and feminist.  She's kind of spoiled, so maybe that explains some of her character traits.  But it's too bad she wasn't more original or likeable.  Then there's Szpirglas, the pirate captain.  He was also slightly cliche--in contrast to everyone else, he seemed straight out of the 18th or 19th centuries, even down to the boots.  Now, while that is what comes to mind when you think of a pirate, I can't help but think that Szpirglas would've been more interesting, and maybe creepier, if he was more 20th-century, like everyone else. 

I won't give any spoilers about the "flying creatures"...all I'll say is that that part of the plot got kind of boring after a while, but maybe it's just me.  The pirate subplot and the descriptions of the airship were much more interesting; and in the last 200 pages, the plot got really exciting.  Before I read the book, I knew next to nothing about airships; but I learned a few things, and the author even provides a sketch/map of the Aurora for the reader to refer to.  Speaking of pirates, I was glad to see that the pirates in this book are truly portrayed as villains; which, needless to say, is unusual these days.  Not only did the author take this point of view, but he made it convincing. 

Now for the things I didn't like.  The book is rather politically correct, which doesn't fit the era it seems to take place in.  Also, there were a few awkward scenes, mostly because of the romantic subplot.  Kate, as aforementioned, was quite annoying at times, and not always a good role model.  Occasionally there were some bad words, but not a lot. All things considered, I'd say Airborn is more for ages 12+, than for kids.

In summary, it's a good introduction to classic sci-fi/adventure stories, or just a fun read if you already like the genre or want to try something different.

You know you've been reading too much Moby-Dick when... glance at a shopping list and, for a split second, read one of the headings as "Whale Fishery".  What it actually says is "Whole Foods".

Years ago, when I first tried to read this book (and stopped halfway), I thought it was the most boring classic I'd ever read, as well as one of the hardest books I'd ever read.  The plot is pretty simple--an insane captain sets out to get revenge on a whale.  The book, however, happens to be over 600 pages long.  It alternates between telling the story and talking about whales, with whole chapters that read like encyclopedia articles with author's commentary.

Surprisingly enough, though, this time I like it.

The writing style is very interesting.  It's first-person, but the narrator is able to tell the reader practically as much as third-person narration does.  Sometimes the narrator tells the story like any other author, with even comic relief.  Other times he goes on for chapters about whaling, and whales, and his thoughts.  And, every time he changes the subject, he usually starts a new chapter.

The narrator himself is really annoying.  I mean REALLY annoying.  Why is it that, with all his self-righteousness of being fair and unbiased, he would still seem to be prejudiced towards certain kinds of people?  I especially disliked his attempted ironic comparison of the Quakers' pacifism and their whale-hunting.  I think it goes without saying that there's a big difference between killing a person and killing a whale. 

As far as Captain Ahab goes, the book brings out his sanity more than the movie version does.  There was, for example, an interesting subplot that shows how scheming he could be; I also get the impression that, before he lost his leg, he seemed to be a pretty normal person.  I'm going to have to watch the film again, but these seem to be a couple of the differences between the book and the film.

In any case, Starbuck is my favourite character. He is a rational character amidst "the madness of crowds".  "'Vengeance on a dumb brute!' cried Starbuck, 'that simply smote thee from blindest instinct! Madness!'"

Now, I've seen the 1956 version (a good movie, by the way), so I know how the story is going to end.  But the thing about Moby-Dick, is that it's almost like a mystery.  In some ways, it's more suspenseful than a mystery, because it's not a story I can completely understand.  And it's not like Lord of the Rings, either, where you can keep finding the answers to your questions--I don't know if that's possible with Moby-Dick.  It's just really extraordinary book which tries to explain every little thing to the reader, and yet leaves me with nearly as many questions as before.

Something which I only learned recently is that a true-story whaling accident was part of the inspiration for writing Moby-Dick, and it just so happened that I had already read a book about it.  The Wreck of the Whaleship Essex is an eyewitness narrative written in 1821 by Owen Chase, who was the second in command.  It's a must-read in my opinion, an amazing survival story.  Even if I hadn't ended up reading Moby-Dick later on, I was glad to have read Chase's book first. I always prefer reading a book written by somebody who was actually there; and these days, whaling stories may not be as glamorous as pirates and Royal Navy books, but they're nonetheless a fascinating part of American history.


WARNING:  Contains Kidnapped spoilers!!!

by Robert Louis Stevenson
Edition: Polygon, paperback
My overall rating:  4 out of 5 stars

The last chapter of Kidnapped was very nearly a complete, happy ending: Alan Breck was soon to escape to freedom in France, and David Balfour outwitted his selfish uncle and finally came into his inheritance.  David's story is far from finished, however; with the Appin Murder trial impending, he feels it his duty to speak on James Stewart's behalf, and it's not an easy mission, especially when he can't even be sure that the most powerful man who could help him--the Lord Advocate--is trustworthy.  David's own position, as a witness of the murder, is also precarious.  Still only a teenager and overwhelmed by all of this, he strives to work his way through a scheming world, become a gentleman, and win the love of beautiful grey-eyed Catriona Drummond.

My thoughts:  Stevenson considered this book to be one of his best, if not his best.  I humbly disagree, but I did think it a very good book, and a must-read for anyone who loves Kidnapped.

In the first part of the story, we have David trying hard to be shrewd and grown-up, while at the same time torn between self-interest and working to free an accused (but innocent) man from execution.  I think David is more likeable in this book, because, in many ways, the troubles David encounters in Catriona are much worse than those in Kidnapped, and the ways he faces them are (usually) very admirable, especially since he has no one else to look up to for help.  I really liked this first half of the book--there was plenty of danger, adventure, and some suspense; and Stevenson's elegant but vivid writing is an excellent example and standard for authors today.  I was skeptical about this book, but it turned out to be worthwhile and highly interesting; the scheming characters were very irritating, the Scottish dialogue wonderful as always, and I think my new favourite character was Charles Stewart (coincidentally, Alan Breck's cousin).

Alan Breck fans, prepare to be disappointed.  There was very little of him in this book.  I expected that, but it really is too bad.  In addition, when he is in the book, his character seems to be written only half-heartedly, and he doesn't seem like quite the same Alan that one remembers from Kidnapped.

Now for the reason I gave it just 4 stars: part 2 of the book is less than wonderful.  It's like a romance story from a guy's point of view.  Of course, I like old-fashioned romance stories, and I like the idea of one being written by a guy from a guy's perspective, but at times it was just too agitated and dramatic for me.  Catriona was likeable enough at first, but both she and David got really annoying.  It was kind of disappointing, particularly because it had the potential to be poignant and unique.  As it was, it turned out to be rather cliche.

The ending is pretty good.  Complete?  Well, sort of.  Actually, I could see many sequels and/or prequels to Kidnapped & Catriona.  Why not a whole saga?  But first, one would have to acquire Stevenson's confident historical tone, or at least his brilliant Scottish writing style.  And that would be very, very difficult.  ;)


by Robert Louis Stevenson
Edition:  Polygon, paperback.  HIGHLY recommended--very durable, elegant, and readable.  I think it will last much longer than most paperback books.
My overall rating:  5 out of 5 stars

Scotland, 1751. Sixteen-year-old David Balfour sets out to claim his inheritance from Ebenezer Balfour, a reclusive miser who lives in a dark mansion called "the House of Shaws". Through others' deceit and his own naivete, David gets kidnapped and soon finds himself landing in one misfortune after another, drawn away from his home in the familiar Lowlands country, and deeper into the Highlands, a place oppressed by English rule. He meets Alan Breck Stewart--a Highlander, rebel, and hunted man; and, after David himself unknowingly becomes an outlaw, David starts to view his country in a different light.  He also comes to understand that life is complex, and that you can't judge people by what they appear to be.

My thoughts: This is a brilliant book!  It might not be as accessible as Treasure Island, but Kidnapped is arguably a better book, and excellent historical fiction. You don't really need any prior knowledge of Scottish history to read this; and though it's not 100% accurate, it's nevertheless a good introduction to the Scotland of this era. The story itself is pretty fast-paced and starts out splendidly, with the eerie House of Shaws, a sinister sea captain, and more that I would tell, except I don't want to give away spoilers.  ;)

The characters are very good.  David Balfour is a hero in the true sense of the word: loyal, principled, and striving to do the right thing, with just enough inexperience and typical teenager attitude to make him a realistic character, and to allow for character development. Alan, by contrast, is cleverer and more cautious, and an expert swordsman who can take on several opponents at a time. On the other hand, he has a big ego, is far less scrupulous than David, and never really changes his ways. Still, Alan is kind of a complex character, and surprisingly, he turned out to be my favourite character in the book. He has a kind of honesty about him, which, though far from amounting to humility, makes him more likeable. And you can't help admiring his perseverance and loyalty as a friend. I would recommend this book just because of his character, if for nothing else.

Finally, even though Kidnapped (like Treasure Island) might be considered as a boy's book, I think it is a great read for just about anyone who loves a good, old-fashioned adventure story, or is interested in 18th-century history.